Appendix A - Page 10; Exchange Rates

Exchange Rates: National Currency Units per SDR - International Financial Statistics Yearbook: International Monetary Fund: 1996 Yearbook and May 1997 Supplement.

 

Currency

Pegged to

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

Argentina

Argentine peso

U.S. dollar

0.2

0.8

1.4

1.4

1.4

1.5

1.5

Australia

Australian dollar

Floating

1.032

1.125

1.16

1.18

1.61

1.84

1.96

1.57

1.658

1.84

1.88

1.997

2.028

1.88

1.995

Austria

Austrian Schilling

EUC

18.49

18.4

20.25

21.61

18.95

16.77

15.96

16.9

15.52

15.19

15.29

15.61

19.98

19.2

14.99

Belgium

Belgium Franc

EUC

44.766

51.758

58.252

61.832

55.316

49.429

47.032

50.255

46.991

44.078

44.76

45.623

49.599

43.478

43.725

Brazil

Brazalian real

Managed floating

0.01

0.16

1.24

1.45

Canada

Canadian dollar

Floating

1.38

1.356

1.03

1.295

1.535

1.688

1.844

1.6

1.52

1.65

1.653

1.747

1.81

2.048

2.03

Chile

Chilean peso

Adjusted iaw indicators

45.4

81

91.6

125.7

201.9

250

337

332

390

479

535

525

588

588

605

China

chinese yuan

Managed floating

2.032

2.12

2.07

2.74

3.42

4.55

5.28

5

6.2

7.4

7.77

7.91

7.96

12.33

12.36

Czech Republic

C.R. koruna

Composite Basket

15.32

15.49

15.32

16.79

17.57

17.59

18.44

19.26

18.78

39.83

39.82

39.74

41.15

40.94

39.54

France

French franc

EUC

6.69

7.418

8.769

9.4

8.3

7.89

7.57

8.15

7.6

7.29

7.4

7.56

8.098

7.8

7.28

Germany

Deutsche mark

EUC

2.624

2.62

2.5

6.08

2.7

2.37

2.24

2.69

2.23

2.12

2.16

2.22

2.37

2.26

2.13

Hong Kong

Hong Kong Dollars

U.S. dollar

India

Indian rupee

Floating

10.59

10.63

10.98

12.2

13.36

16.05

18.27

20.11

22.38

25.71

36.95

36.025

43.1

45.81

52.29

Indonesia

Indonesian rupiah

Managed floating

749

761

1041

1053

1235

2007

2341

2329

2361

2704

2849

2835

2898

3212

3430

Ireland

Irish pound

EUC

0.77

0.789

0.922

0.988

0.883

0.874

0.847

0.89

0.8444

0.801

0.817

0.84

0.97

0.94

0.93

Israel

Israeli new sheqel

Managed floating

0.0152

0.037

0.1128

0.626

1.64

1.81

2.18

2.27

2.58

2.91

3.26

3.8

4.1

4.4

4.66

Italy

Italian lira

Floating

1396

1511

1767

1897

1843

1661

1658

1757

1669

1608

1646

2022

2340

2379

2355

Japan

Japanese Yen

Floating

255.95

289.23

243.1

246.13

220.23

194.61

175.2

169.36

188.52

191.21

179.09

171.53

153.63

145.61

152.86

Korea

Korean won

Managed floating

815

826

832

811

977

1053

1124

920

893

1019

1088

1084

1110

1151

1151

Malaysia

Malaysian ringgit

Managed floating

2.61

2.56

2.44

2.37

2.66

6.18

3.53

3.65

3.55

3.84

3.89

3.59

3.71

3.73

3.77

Mexico

Mexican new peso

Floating

0.1

0.2

0.2

0.4

1.1

3.1

3.1

3.5

4.2

4.4

4.3

4.3

7.8

11.4

Netherlands

Netherlands guilder

EUC

2.87

2.89

3.2

3.47

3.04

2.65

2.52

2.69

2.52

2.4

2.44

2.49

2.66

2.53

2.38

Pakistan

Pakistan rupee

Managed floating

1.52

14.16

14.13

15.05

17.55

21.1

24.75

25.09

28.15

31.15

35.36

35.33

41.37

44.96

50.91

Philippines

Philippine peso

Floating

9.54

10.11

14.66

19.37

20.9

25.11

29.1

28.71

29.49

39.83

38.12

34.51

38.04

35.65

38.97

Portugal

Portuguese escudo

EUC

75.6

98.2

137.6

165.9

173

178

184

197

197

190

191

202

242

232

222

Russia

Russian ruble

Managed floating

571

1713

5182

6897

Singapore

Singapore dollar

Managed floating

2.38

2.33

2.23

2.13

2.31

2.66

2.83

2.62

2.49

2.48

2.33

2.26

2.21

2.13

2.1

South Africa

S African rand

Floating

1.11

1.18

1.28

1.94

2.81

2.67

2.73

6.2

3.33

3.64

3.92

4.2

4.66

5.17

5.42

Spain

Spanish peseta

EUC

113.43

138.55

164

169.9

169.3

161.9

154.6

152.7

144.2

167.8

138.3

157.6

195.3

192.3

180.5

Sweden

Swedish krona

Floating

6.48

8.05

8.38

8.8

8.36

8.34

8.3

8.28

8.18

8.1

7.9

9.68

11.4

10.89

9.89

Switzerland

Swiss Franc

Floating

2.09

2.2

2.28

2.53

2.28

1.98

1.81

2.02

2.03

1.84

1.94

2

2.03

1.91

1.71

Taiwan

New Taiwan dollar

Thailand

Thai baht

Floating (as of July 1997)

26.77

25.37

24.08

26.61

29.27

31.96

35.56

33.96

33.76

35.988

36.16

35.09

35.08

36.63

37.44

Turkey

Turkish lira

Managed floating

155.5

206

296

168

633

927

1448

2442

3040

4168

7266

11776

19878

56534

88669

United Kingdom

Pound sterling

Floating

0.61

0.68

0.72

0.84

0.7

0.83

0.76

0.74

0.82

0.74

0.76

0.91

0.93

0.93

0.96

United States

US dollar

Floating

1.164

1.103

1.047

0.98

1.098

1.223

1.418

1.345

1.314

1.422

1.43

1.375

1.373

1.459

1.486